Ivan Aivazovsky (1817-1900) - the most popular painter of seascapes, devoted his creativity "free verse" - the sea. Crimean Armenian by origin, he studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts under Mikhail Vorobyov even in Pushkin's era and has remained faithful to the characteristic motifs of Romanticism until the end of the century.
Aivazovsky created a huge amount of work, which masterfully captures the different states of the sea, sea battles, shipwrecks, the types of coastal cities, mountains and steppes. With a phenomenal memory, he wrote his paintings are not from nature, but in the studio, considering that "the movement of live elements elusive for the brush." One of his best works - "Black Sea" (1881), where Aivazovsky happily escaped somewhat exaggerated effectively, inherent in some of his works, creating a deeply truthful image of the distant horizon leaving severe water space.