Victor Mikhailovich Oreshnikov (Russian: Виктор Михайлович Орешников) (January 7 (O.S. January 20), 1904, Perm – March 15, 1987, Leningrad) was a Soviet Russian painter, People's Artist of the USSR, active member of the Soviet Academy of Arts (1954–1987), Stalin Prize winner, rector of Repin Institute of Arts (1953–1978).
In 1927 he graduated from the Leningrad VHUTEIN in workshop of Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin. In 1930-1987 he taught in the Repin Institute of Arts. PhD in Art History (1937). Doctor of Fine Arts (1948). Victor Oreshnikov was twice awarded the Stalin Prize (1948, 1950), Order of Lenin, Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Order of the Badge of Honour, and numerous medals. Solo exhibitions of the artist was held in Leningrad (1954, 1974, 1985) and Moscow (1975).