Nikolay Nikanorovich Dubovskoy (17 December 1859 – 28 February 1918) was a Russian landscape painter. Dubovskoy was born in Novocherkassk, a province of Rostov, in 1859.
He studied from 1877 to 1881 at the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg under Mikhail Konstantinovich Klodt. In 1886, he became a member of the Peredvizhniki (the Wanderers), a group of Russian painters. The Peredvizhniki was the brainchild of a group of Russian artists who sought to slough off the academic restrictions they experienced. The Peredvizhniki was formed as an artists' cooperative. Later, it gradually evolved into the Society for Travelling Art Exhibitions in 1870. The society was formed in St. Petersburg under the leadership of Ivan Kramskoi, Grigoriy Myasoyedov, Nikolai Ge and Vasily Perov. Their aim was to infuse democratic ideals in the art sphere, which was in the grips of government. In 1900, he became a member of the Academy of Arts.